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Sample

“Young Scientist of the Year”

 Project Plan

A statistical investigation of the effects of bacteria on plant germination

Date of Issue:  dd/mm/yyyy

Project Managers: Students at Myschool

                                                             school

Please note that the views, opinions, conclusions and other content information expressed in this document have been drawn together for the purpose of illustration based on written reports and interviews given relating to the projectA statistical investigation of the effects of diazotroph bacteria on plant germination”. The details of this document have not been given or endorsed directly by Kinsale Community School or by the students who conducted the investigation. The major part of this plan has been put together based on project planning principles. The format of this Plan is in accordance with BPPM’s project planning template.

 

 

1        Project Title. 3

1.1        Project Initiation. 3

1.1.1        Project Charter 3

1.1.2        Success Framework. 5

1.1.2.1        Select Project Resources. 5

1.1.2.2        Project outputs. 5

1.1.2.3        Critical Success Factors. 6

1.1.2.4        Success Criteria. 7

1.1.2.5        Risk. 8

1.1.3        Project Constraints. 9

1.1.3.1        Work Breakdown Structure. 9

1.1.3.2        Time Schedule. 10

1.1.3.3        Resources. 17

1.1.3.4        Cost 19

1.2        Product Work Inputs. 21

1.2.1        Organise Plant & Equipment Laboratory. 21

1.2.1.1        Set up Laboratory. 21

1.2.1.2        Procure equipment 21

1.2.1.3        Photograph Experiment 21

1.2.2        Preparation of sowing media. 22

1.2.2.1        Pre-germination of seeds. 22

1.2.2.2        Soil Preparation. 22

1.2.2.3        Plant seeds. 22

1.2.3        Test Hypothesis. 22

1.2.3.1        Record Growth. 22

1.2.3.2        Statistical analysis. 23

1.2.4        Prepare Report 23

1.2.4.1        Document process. 23

1.2.4.2        Draw Conclusions. 23

1.2.4.3        Make Recommendations. 24

1.3        Closeout 24

1.3.1        Lessons Learned report 24

1.3.2        Project closure event 24

2        Appendices. 24

2.1        Acknowledgements. 24

2.2        References. 24

 

 

1      Project Title

This document is the project plan for “A statistical investigation” to measure the effects of bacteria on plant germination, and incorporates all amendments, scope changes and updates to the original project plan arising from the lessons learned. It provides an overview of the project using plain and un-ambiguous terms, such that it can be used as a reference for stakeholders.  It outlines the elements necessary to produce the product of the project. It may also be of interest to students conducting projects of a similar nature in the future.

This project is based around bacteria, which are well known to have a symbiotic relationship with the legume plant family whereby the bacteria thrive while providing energy to the plant itself via the nitrogen fixation process (ref, year). The project outlines an extensive experimental program to assess the impact of such bacteria on non-legume crop species.

1.1    Project Initiation

The project was initiated when nodules were found on roots that contained bacteria and it went from there. The germination stage is one of the riskiest times in crop growth because of losses particularly from adverse weather (ref, year). This project is expected to provide solid scientific proof that the addition of given bacteria to seeds of non-legume plants significantly accelerates the rate of germination hence potentially increasing yields of valuable crops.

1.1.1      Project Charter

This Charter gives authority to commence project planning for carrying out a statistical investigation.

Objectives

The over-riding Goal of the project is to Improve Educational Outcomes. The purpose is to (a) Expand Knowledge (b) Contribute to Research (c) Improve Career Options.

 

Stakeholders

The primary stakeholders are the students conducting the investigation and their teacher, etc….

The secondary project stakeholders are their parents, teachers at Myschool, BT Young Scientist Competition, Dept. of Education etc.

The tertiary project stakeholders are biology researchers, cereal producers etc.

 

Budget

The amount of time the students, teachers and other human resources spend on the project is included in the budget as hours. The rate per hour is set at €1 per each resource for demonstration purposes. Equipment and raw materials used for the project and owned by the school or the students’ families are not charged to the project. Any purchases made specifically for the projects are charged to the project. The € budget for the project is €50 and the Human Resource hours budget is 300.

Funding

The funding is provided by the students.

Timescale

Give the planned project start and completion date. Take the date of the charter if you wish. The students revealed that, after coming up with the idea in February, they put in long hours carrying out their projects.

Resources

Outline the amount and timeframes for the estimated resource requirements to be in place.

Project Roles

Briefly outline the roles of project human resources. Project Team, Sponsor (e.g teacher), Families, Advisors, School Steering Group etc.)  

 

Signed

__________________________________                Date:____________________

(Project sponsor)

 

1.1.2      Success Framework

“This stage commences officially following Project Charter Approval (e.g. Project Proposal Approval).  The preparatory work for this stage is done while drawing up the charter for approval.”

 

1.1.2.1     Select Project Resources

“The business requirements are the specifications that describe the functions that the product is expected to provide. The identification and attainment of Project Resources is the first order of business meeting those requirements. Resource requirements are unique to every project but generally require a mix of internal and external Human, Capital and Financial Resources.  Outline here or in an appendix the selection process for resources e.g. project team, equipment, advisors, request for proposal, and business case for funding. You may wish to outline the timeframe of contracts as some resources may be coming on to the project earlier than others.”

Project Team.

The team is made up of the students conducting the investigation CJ, H,and SHT. You may wish to allocate roles and responsibilities.

Advisors

SH and any other named or yet un-named resources that may be called upon.

Plant

The experiments are to be performed at home and in school.

Equipment

Raw materials are to be sourced from families and the school. Materials (e.g incubators, agitators, transfer chamber etc) are to be designed by the project team.  Any purchases to be made will be made locally where possible.

 

1.1.2.2     Project outputs

The product objectives and the project management objectives can be combined under the heading of Project outputs.

The product objectives are:

● Hands-on Experience          ●Apply Concepts                    ● Learn Project Skills

●Share Knowledge                 ●Prove Scientific Relevance   ●Encourage Further Research

●Enter Science Competition   ●Build Relationships              ●Represent School

●Promote Science Literacy    

The project Management objectives are:

● Meet stakeholder needs       ●Deliver within Time-frame   ● Operate within budget

 Objectives

           

1.1.2.3     Critical Success Factors

(Example) The Critical Success Factors are:

● Clear Objectives      ●Competent Advisors                                    ●Committed Team

● Sponsor Support      ●Family Support                                 ●etc

 

1.1.2.4     Success Criteria

The criteria as set out in the table below have been drawn up by the stakeholders to measure the success of the project based on the project outputs. 

 Success_Criteria
 

 

 The basis for succeeding with this project is through satisfying the success criteria. The critical success factors are represented in the middle of the “Theoretical Success Framework Diagram”, representing their relationship to achieving both project and product objectives and their influence on satisfying the success criteria. (State here how the objectives, the success factors and the success criteria were agreed and by who?)

 

 

    Success_Framework

 

1.1.2.5     Risk

The risks, their likely impact and the necessary response are outlined in the table below. ”You need to consider all the things that may be expected to go wrong during your experiment.

 

 

 

 

Risk No.

Risk Identified

Likely Impact

Risk Response

1

The scope of project is  beyond our skill level

The team will reach a certain point beyond which they will be unable to proceed.

Mitigate. Set the Boundaries at the outset. Seek assurance from collaborators, teachers or advisors, that skill level of the team is appropriate.

2

Diseases and pests

Seeds don’t germinate

Mitigate. Maintain  favourable conditions  in respect of temperature, light, moisture and aeration

3

 

 

 

 

1.1.3      Project Constraints

The project inputs explain how the product will be done and are defined, by the work breakdown structure, responsibility chart, schedule, and budget.

1.1.3.1     Work Breakdown Structure

The work breakdown divides the project into manageable components. The components are numbered to indicate their relationship to each other. WBSs are indispensable for project planning, particularly when estimating time and resource requirements.

WBS_A_Statistical_Investigation

 

 

The product work inputs are the resource activities required to deliver the output objectives. The product work inputs are:

 ● Organise Plant & Equipment                      ● Preparation of Sowing Media        

 

● Test Hypothesis                                           ● Prepare Report

 

●________________                                      ●_______________  

The product work inputs can be further broken down into work packages and depicted graphically in a Work Breakdown Structure. The WBS below is a picture of the project subdivided into hierarchical units of work, and represented as a tree.

 

                              WBS_A_statistical_investigation

 

 

 

 

1.1.3.2     Time Schedule

Time is not the driving constraint for this project but is carefully managed from the preparation of the charter until the final report. The project team determines the length of time needed to complete each of the work packages by estimating the optimistic, pessimistic and most likely durations. The WBS on the left is the work breakdown structure code.

WBS

Activity Description

Dur.

Start

Finish

1

A statistical investigation

309 d

Fri 24/02/12

Sat 29/12/12

1.1

Project Initiation

197 d

Fri 24/02/12

Fri 07/09/12

1.1.1

Produce Project Charter

31 d

Fri 24/02/12

Sun 25/03/12

1.1.2

Outline Success Framework

3 d

Wed 04/04/12

Sat 07/04/12

1.1.3

Document Constraints

5 d

Tue 10/04/12

Sun 15/04/12

1.1.4

Enter Young Scientist Competition

4 d

Tue 04/09/12

Fri 07/09/12

1.2

Product Work Inputs

108 d

Sat 08/09/12

Mon 24/12/12

1.2.1

Organise Plant & Equipment

18 d

Sat 08/09/12

Tue 25/09/12

1.2.1.1

Set up Laboratory

5 d

Sat 08/09/12

Wed 12/09/12

1.2.1.2

Procure equipment

5 d

Thu 13/09/12

Mon 17/09/12

1.2.1.3

Photograph Experiment

2 d

Mon 24/09/12

Tue 25/09/12

1.2.2

Preparation of sowing media

6 d

Tue 18/09/12

Sun 23/09/12

1.2.2.1

Pre-germination of seeds

3 d

Tue 18/09/12

Thu 20/09/12

1.2.2.2

Soil Preparation

2 d

Fri 21/09/12

Sat 22/09/12

1.2.2.3

Plant seeds

1 d

Sun 23/09/12

Sun 23/09/12

1.2.3

Test Hypothesis

78 d

Mon 01/10/12

Mon 17/12/12

1.2.3.1

Record Growth

70 d

Mon 01/10/12

Sun 09/12/12

1.2.3.2

Statistical analysis

5 d

Thu 13/12/12

Mon 17/12/12

1.2.4

Prepare Report

4 d

Fri 21/12/12

Mon 24/12/12

1.2.4.1

Document process

2 d

Fri 21/12/12

Sat 22/12/12

1.2.4.2

Draw Conclusions

1 d

Sun 23/12/12

Sun 23/12/12

1.2.4.3

Make Recommendations

1 d

Mon 24/12/12

Mon 24/12/12

1.3

Closeout

4 d

Wed 26/12/12

Sat 29/12/12

1.3.1

Lessons Learned report

3 d

Wed 26/12/12

Fri 28/12/12

1.3.2

Project closure event

1 d

Sat 29/12/12

Sat 29/12/12

 

The nature of the experiment dictated a seven day working week. The only non-working day is Christmas Day. When all the data is inserted into MS Project 2000, it calculates the expected time (te) by utilising the PERT formula: Expected Time (te) = (to +4tm + tp)/6. The expected time (te) is identified in MS Project as Duration.

Critical Path

What determines the length of the project is the critical path, which is the series of tasks that dictates the finish date of the project. If one task on the critical path moves, the end date of the project will move as well. The total number of working days is 309 from Fri 24/02/12 to Sat 29/12/12.

 

Critical Path Analysis

By applying the Central Limit Theorem a probability based critical path duration is calculated. This means that if we make a number of estimates of each activity’s duration, the range of critical path duration will tend to be normally distributed. This will in turn allow statements to be made with confidence with respect to the probability of the critical path duration of a project been achieved.

The table below is a report from MS Project, which identifies estimates of each activity in Work Breakdown structure.

MS Project 2000 generated expected project duration of 309 days for “A statistical investigation of the effects of diazotroph bacteria on plant germination”. All task duration’s were developed from a range of values and by application of the Central Limit Theorem. The range of critical path duration’s will form a normal distribution. It is now possible to calculate the probability of the critical path duration.

Step 1

MS Project 2000 calculates the expected duration (te) for each activity using the formula;

Expected Time (te) = (to +4tm + tp)/6

Step 2

MS Project calculates critical path using te.

On the Project menu, point to Group by, and then click Critical, to group all critical tasks together. This is what this view looks like

 

 

 

 

 

WBS

Task Name

Dur.

Start

Finish

Predecessors

 

Critical: No

215 d

Fri 24/02/12

Tue 25/09/12

 

1.1.1

Produce Project Charter

31 d

Fri 24/02/12

Sun 25/03/12

 

1.1.2

Outline Success Framework

3 d

Wed 04/04/12

Sat 07/04/12

3FS+10 d

1.1.3

Document Constraints

5 d

Tue 10/04/12

Sun 15/04/12

4FS+3 d

1.2.1.3

Photograph Experiment

2 d

Mon 24/09/12

Tue 25/09/12

15

 

Critical: Yes

116 d

Tue 04/09/12

Sat 29/12/12

 

1.1.4

Enter Young Scientist Competition

4 d

Tue 04/09/12

Fri 07/09/12

 

1.2.1.1

Set up Laboratory

5 d

Sat 08/09/12

Wed 12/09/12

6

1.2.1.2

Procure equipment

5 d

Thu 13/09/12

Mon 17/09/12

9

1.2.2.1

Pre-germination of seeds

3 d

Tue 18/09/12

Thu 20/09/12

10

1.2.2.2

Soil Preparation

2 d

Fri 21/09/12

Sat 22/09/12

13

1.2.2.3

Plant seeds

1 d

Sun 23/09/12

Sun 23/09/12

14

1.2.3.1.1

Record Growth 1

1 d

Mon 01/10/12

Mon 01/10/12

15FS+7 d

1.2.3.1.2

Record Growth 2

1 d

Thu 04/10/12

Thu 04/10/12

18FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.3

Record Growth 3

1 d

Sun 07/10/12

Sun 07/10/12

19FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.4

Record Growth 4

1 d

Wed 10/10/12

Wed 10/10/12

20FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.5

Record Growth 5

1 d

Sat 13/10/12

Sat 13/10/12

21FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.6

Record Growth 6

1 d

Tue 16/10/12

Tue 16/10/12

22FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.7

Record Growth 7

1 d

Fri 19/10/12

Fri 19/10/12

23FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.8

Record Growth 8

1 d

Mon 22/10/12

Mon 22/10/12

24FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.9

Record Growth 9

1 d

Thu 25/10/12

Thu 25/10/12

25FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.10

Record Growth 10

1 d

Sun 28/10/12

Sun 28/10/12

26FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.11

Record Growth 11

1 d

Wed 31/10/12

Wed 31/10/12

27FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.12

Record Growth 12

1 d

Sat 03/11/12

Sat 03/11/12

28FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.13

Record Growth 13

1 d

Tue 06/11/12

Tue 06/11/12

29FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.14

Record Growth 14

1 d

Fri 09/11/12

Fri 09/11/12

30FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.15

Record Growth 15

1 d

Mon 12/11/12

Mon 12/11/12

31FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.16

Record Growth 16

1 d

Thu 15/11/12

Thu 15/11/12

32FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.17

Record Growth 17

1 d

Sun 18/11/12

Sun 18/11/12

33FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.18

Record Growth 18

1 d

Wed 21/11/12

Wed 21/11/12

34FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.19

Record Growth 19

1 d

Sat 24/11/12

Sat 24/11/12

35FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.20

Record Growth 20

1 d

Tue 27/11/12

Tue 27/11/12

36FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.21

Record Growth 21

1 d

Fri 30/11/12

Fri 30/11/12

37FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.22

Record Growth 22

1 d

Mon 03/12/12

Mon 03/12/12

38FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.23

Record Growth 23

1 d

Thu 06/12/12

Thu 06/12/12

39FS+2 d

1.2.3.1.24

Record Growth 24

1 d

Sun 09/12/12

Sun 09/12/12

40FS+2 d

1.2.3.2

Statistical analysis

5 d

Thu 13/12/12

Mon 17/12/12

41FS+3 d

1.2.4.1

Document process

2 d

Fri 21/12/12

Sat 22/12/12

42FS+3 d

1.2.4.2

Draw Conclusions

1 d

Sun 23/12/12

Sun 23/12/12

44

1.2.4.3

Make Recommendations

1 d

Mon 24/12/12

Mon 24/12/12

45

1.3.1

Lessons Learned report

3 d

Wed 26/12/12

Fri 28/12/12

46

1.3.2

Project closure event

1 d

Sat 29/12/12

Sat 29/12/12

48

 

 

The sum of the durations for tasks outlined as critical is 116 days. The differential (59 days) between the sum of the critical tasks (57 days) and critical path duration (116 days) can be attributed to the lags for Record Growth (WBS 1.2.3.1), Statistical analysis (WBS 1.2.3.2), and Document process (WBS 1.2.4.1). The critical path duration of 116 days generated by MS Project 2000 will be used in this analysis.

 

Step 3

 

Calculate the standard deviation and variance of all activities on the critical path, using the following formulae:

 

SD =  SD                                       Var = (SD2)

 

Step 4

 

Assuming a desired probability, calculate the required project duration.

Per the Central Limit Theorem, the following equation will apply:

 

Z =      Tx – Te / (√Crit Var) where x is a project duration of choice.

 

(Z = (project duration of choice) less Expected Duration divided by the square root of the Critical Variance.)

 

                                                X = Te + (√Crit Var)     * z

 

 The following table identifies the critical path for “A statistical investigation of the effects of diazotroph bacteria on plant germination”, together with calculation of the standard deviation and variance for each activity.

 

 

 

Expected Time (te) = (to +4tm + tp)/6

WBS

Activity Description

Dur.

(To) Optimist

(Tm)  Most Likely

(Tp) Pessimist

St. Dev 

Var = (SD2)

1.1.4

Enter Science Competition

4

2

4

6

0.67

0.44

1.2.1.1

Set up Laboratory

5

1

5

9

1.33

1.78

1.2.1.2

Procure equipment

5

2

5

8

1.00

1.00

1.2.2.1

Pre-germination of seeds

3

2

3

4

0.33

0.11

1.2.2.2

Soil Preparation

2

1

2

3

0.33

0.11

1.2.2.3

Plant seeds

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.1

Record Growth 1

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.2

Record Growth 2

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.3

Record Growth 3

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.4

Record Growth 4

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.5

Record Growth 5

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.6

Record Growth 6

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.7

Record Growth 7

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.8

Record Growth 8

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.9

Record Growth 9

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.10

Record Growth 10

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.11

Record Growth 11

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.12

Record Growth 12

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.13

Record Growth 13

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.14

Record Growth 14

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.15

Record Growth 15

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.16

Record Growth 16

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.17

Record Growth 17

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.18

Record Growth 18

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.19

Record Growth 19

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.20

Record Growth 20

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.21

Record Growth 21

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.22

Record Growth 22

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.23

Record Growth 23

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.1.24

Record Growth 24

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.3.2

Statistical analysis

5

3

5

7

0.67

0.44

1.2.4.1

Document process

2

1

2

3

0.33

0.11

1.2.4.2

Draw Conclusions

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.2.4.3

Make Recommendations

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

1.3.1

Lessons Learned report

3

2

3

4

0.33

0.11

1.3.2

Project closure event

1

1

1

1

0.00

0.00

 

57

42

57

72

5.00

4.11

Sum Critical Tasks = Duration

116

 

 

 

 

Sum of Variance

4.11

SQRT of Total Critical Variance

2.03

 

 

Legend  
 
Expected Time (te) = (to +4tm + tp)/6

te

Duration

to

Optimistic Duration

tp

Pessimistic Duration

tm

Most Likely Duration

SD

Standard Deviation

Var

Variance

 

The sum of the critical tasks in Table is 116 days.

 

If x =116 Z = (116 -116)/2.03 = 0  50% probability (from statistical tables).

 

90% probability desired  From tables look up 100 – 90 = .10    Z = 1.28

x          =          116     +          (1.28   *2.03)

x          =          116     +          (2.5984)                    

x          =          118.60                                               

 

10 % probability desired From tables look up 0.10     Z = -1.28

x          =          116     +          (- 1.28 *2.03)

x          =          116     +          (- 2.5984)      

x          =          113.40

 

A Probability Table ranging from 10% to 99% probability can now be generated for “A statistical investigation of the effects of diazotroph bacteria on plant germination”.

These values for Z can be used for the associated probabilities in any project without having to revert to the probability tables

 

 

               PERT PROBABILITY ANALYSIS CHART                                                  A statistical investigation of the effects of  bacteria on plant germination

Probability

z

Dur.

√Crit Var

x

10%

-1.28

116

2.03

113.40

20%

-0.84

116

2.03

114.29

30%

-0.52

116

2.03

114.94

40%

-0.25

116

2.03

115.49

50%

0

116

2.03

116.00

60%

0.25

116

2.03

116.51

70%

0.52

116

2.03

117.06

80%

0.84

116

2.03

117.71

90%

1.28

116

2.03

118.60

95%

1.64

116

2.03

119.33

99%

2.33

116

2.03

120.73

 

The expected duration for the project is 309 days. A contingency of 4 days will be required to increase the confidence of completing the project from 50% to 99%. This constitutes a contingency level of 4/309 = 1.29%.  The project team is 95% confident that the project will be completed on Sat 29/12/12. With a contingency of 4 days the confidence of completing the project on 2/1/13 is 99%.

 

1.1.3.3     Resources

Responsibility Assignment Matrix

“The matrix outlined below depicts the resource assignments. The level of effort required by the resources named beside each activity indicates the % of their time each day. Where there is no % indicated, the resource is assigned 100% of their time for the duration of that activity. The material resources used for the completion of activities are named beside each activity. 

 

 

 

 

WBS

Activity Description

Resources Assigned

1

A statistical investigation

 

1.1

Project Initiation

 

1.1.1

Produce Project Charter

CJ,H,SHT,SH

1.1.2

Outline Success Framework

CJ,H,SHT,SH

1.1.3

Document Constraints

CJ,H,SHT,SH

1.1.4

Enter Young Scientist Competition

CJ,H,SHT,SH,B

1.2

Product Work Inputs

 

1.2.1

Organise Plant & Equipment

 

1.2.1.1

Set up Laboratory

CJ,H,SHT,SH,F,S

1.2.1.2

Procure equipment

CJ,H,SHT,SH,F,S,inc,agt,cha

1.2.1.3

Photograph Experiment

CJ,H,SHT

1.2.2

Preparation of sowing media

 

1.2.2.1

Pre-germination of seeds

CJ,H,SHT

1.2.2.2

Soil Preparation

CJ,H,SHT

1.2.2.3

Plant seeds

CJ,H,SHT

1.2.3

Test Hypothesis

 

1.2.3.1

Record Growth

 

1.2.3.1.1

Record Growth 1

CJ

1.2.3.1.2

Record Growth 2

H

1.2.3.1.3

Record Growth 3

SHT

1.2.3.1.4

Record Growth 4

CJ

1.2.3.1.5

Record Growth 5

H

1.2.3.1.6

Record Growth 6

SHT

1.2.3.1.7

Record Growth 7

CJ

1.2.3.1.8

Record Growth 8

H

1.2.3.1.9

Record Growth 9

SHT

1.2.3.1.10

Record Growth 10

CJ

1.2.3.1.11

Record Growth 11

H

1.2.3.1.12

Record Growth 12

SHT

1.2.3.1.13

Record Growth 13

CJ

1.2.3.1.14

Record Growth 14

H

1.2.3.1.15

Record Growth 15

SHT

1.2.3.1.16

Record Growth 16

CJ

1.2.3.1.17

Record Growth 17

H

1.2.3.1.18

Record Growth 18

SHT

1.2.3.1.19

Record Growth 19

CJ

1.2.3.1.20

Record Growth 20

H

1.2.3.1.21

Record Growth 21

SHT

1.2.3.1.22

Record Growth 22

CJ

1.2.3.1.23

Record Growth 23

H

1.2.3.1.24

Record Growth 24

SHT

1.2.3.2

Statistical analysis

CJ,H,SHT,SH

1.2.4

Prepare Report

 

1.2.4.1

Document process

CJ,H,SHT

1.2.4.2

Draw Conclusions

CJ,H,SHT

1.2.4.3

Make Recommendations

CJ,H,SHT

1.3

Closeout

 

1.3.1

Lessons Learned report

CJ,H,SHT

1.3.2

Project closure event

CJ,H,SHT,SH,S

 

 

1.1.3.4     Cost

 

Resource Cost

 

The rates and the number of units for resources that have been determined by the project team are: 

Resource Name

Std. Rate

Total Cost

CJ

€1.00/hour

€ 87.24

H

€1.00/hour

€ 104.04

SHT

€1.00/hour

€ 88.20

SH

€1.00/hour

€ 18.83

School

€1.00/hour

€ 9.21

Families

€1.00/hour

€ 8.64

Incubators

€1.3/Unit

€ 13.00

Agitators

€2.00/Unit

€ 4.00

Transfer Chamber

€1.00/Unit

€ 1.00

BT Entry Fee

€20.00/Unit

€ 20.00

Total

 

€ 354.16

 

Apart from the materials the costs actually represent the amount of hours spent by each resource on the project. The rate per hour for each resource is set as €1.

 

Cost Breakdown Structure

A Cost Breakdown Structure (CBS) is constructed by assigning the cost to each allocated activity of the WBS.

 

 

 

 

WBS

Activity Description

Cost

1

A Statistical Investigation

€354.16

1.1

Project Initiation

€172.55

1.1.1

Produce Project Charter

€112.55

1.1.2

Outline Success Framework

€9.60

1.1.3

Document Constraints

€16.00

1.1.4

Enter Young Scientist Competition

€34.40

1.2

Product Work Inputs

€170.09

1.2.1

Organise Plant & Equipment

€89.53

1.2.1.1

Set-up Laboratory

€29.53

1.2.1.2

Procure Equipment

€48.00

1.2.1.3

Photograph Experiment

€12.00

1.2.2

Preparation of Sowing Media

€36.00

1.2.2.1

Pre-germination of Seeds

€18.00

1.2.2.2

Soil Preparation

€12.00

1.2.2.3

Plant Seeds

€6.00

1.2.3

Test Hypothesis

€33.20

1.2.3.1

Record Growth

€19.20

1.2.3.2

Statistical Analysis

€14.00

1.2.4

Prepare Report

€11.36

1.2.4.1

Document Process

€5.60

1.2.4.2

Draw Conclusions

€2.88

1.2.4.3

Make Recommendations

€2.88

1.3

Closeout

€11.52

1.3.1

Lessons Learned Report

€8.64

1.3.2

Project Closure Event

€2.88

 

 

 

 

1.2    Product Work Inputs

 

This section of the plan outlines the specifications for the product to satisfy stakeholder requirements. Describe in detail, the step-by-step procedures to follow, such that a stranger would be able to do exactly what you plan to do, just by reading your procedure.

 

1.2.1      Organise Plant & Equipment Laboratory

List the main materials needed for the experiment and where and how they will be got.

 

1.2.1.1     Set up Laboratory

 

Outline where the laboratory is and the effort needed to get it ready.

 

1.2.1.2     Procure equipment

  

Outline the process used to acquire materials?

 

 1.2.1.3     Photograph Experiment

 
Visuals make good presentation materials. Outline when and how often photographs were taken.

 

 1.2.2      Preparation of sowing media

It is important that a controlled variable is included in this experiment. Controls allow a single variable to be tested in an experiment because they are unchanged. Experiments usually have only one control group, but can have more than one experimental group. The results in the experimental group are compared against the results in the control group. We can then make observations and comparisons between our controls in the independent variables (things that change in the experiment) to develop an accurate conclusion. The Independent variable in our experiment is the factor that will not change. Outline the variables here.

 

1.2.2.1     Pre-germination of seeds

 

Explain the methods used for application of the bacteria to crop plant seeds?

 

1.2.2.2     Soil Preparation

 
Mix and moisten the soil well and put equal amounts into containers.

1.2.2.3     Plant seeds

 

Set up 10,000-12,000 samples are to ensure the quality of the experiment.  Place groups of seeds of equal number on a moist surface in the containers. These containers are placed in an incubator under controlled temperature and light conditions. Seeds are checked for germination on a sequence of observation days over a fixed period of time, long enough so nearly all seeds germinate. On each observation day, seeds found to have germinated since the previous observation are counted and removed, yielding a temporal sequence of germination numbers.

1.2.3      Test Hypothesis

 Describe the expected results of the experiment? The hypothesis is a prediction that makes sense based on the research carried out.

 

 1.2.3.1     Record Growth

Seed samples are analysed for performance using a standard unit of measurement? The growth is recorded every third day by a member of the project team. Observations are documented using photos and drawings?  

1.2.3.2     Statistical analysis

There were 105 experimental runs carried out over a 6 month period.  Statistical analysis is carried out on a computer with standard statistical software.   The results of thei investigations are statistically analysed by the project team using the student T-test.

1.2.4      Prepare Report

As the final step of the work, hypothesis are confirmed and included into discussion and conclusions.

1.2.4.1     Document process

 

Describe the process for preparing the final report and for making presentations to external audiences.  

1.2.4.2     Draw Conclusions

 

The results show that two types of the bacteria produce a statistically significant acceleration (increase of 17% for and 28% for bacteria Y; p<001) in the rate of seed germination.

In field trials, bacteria inoculated at 6x106cfu/ seed also increased growth rates and gave a 13.2% (p=0.0328) dry mass yield improvement. The studies have significant potential for improving the productivity of valuable food crops by increasing yields, reducing fertiliser use, and by reducing losses due to disease and weather.

The students found that "Germination in the seeds used is usually six days but was brought down to three days by using the bacteria”

The students who conducted the investigation and other commentators suggested that: “The experiment demonstrated that adding the bacteria in laboratory conditions reduced the time for the seeds to germinate. These results may have implications for our ability to address food security issues. These are the first exciting steps, field trials should follow”.

 

 

 

 

 

1.2.4.3     Make Recommendations

 

Opportunities to commercially scale up bacterial treatment of seeds treatment are being investigated. Investigations continue into the application of bacteria in the germination phase of the malting process in brewing. Etc

 

1.3    Closeout

Project Closeout heralds the formal end of the project.  The closeout shall verify that the objectives have been accomplished. 

 

1.3.1      Lessons Learned report

The identification and recording of issues arising on the project shall help to reduce or eliminate the chances of re-occurrence on similar projects in the future. Details of the original lessons learned report are incorporated into this document. Outline how the project measure up against the criteria drawn up by the stakeholders to measure the success of the project based on the project outputs

1.3.2      Project closure event

(supply details)

2      Appendices

2.1    Acknowledgements

At the end of the report acknowledge any help received during the project for example, teachers, companies, institutions and parents. Additional information may include, correspondence.

2.2    References

List any books, articles, web pages or references that helped you in your project.


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